When hiring a new employee, it is necessary to ensure that an employment contract reflects what employers and employees have agreed upon. A consultancy agreement is a contract for services between an independent contractor and a client company for the provision of consultancy services. It is vital that both employment and consultancy agreements cover a number of terms to facilitate a smooth relationship between both parties throughout the duration of the work.

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洪敬一

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林由紀夫

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金震汉

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車柔珍

車柔珍

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工作场所与雇佣

临时工 vs 正式工

2020年5月20日,澳大利亚联邦法院全席法庭对WorkPac Pty Ltd v Rossato一案作出判决。 此案聚焦并围绕劳务派遣公司WorkPac Pty Ltd(以下简称 “WorkPac”)和Robert Rossato (以下简称“Rossato”)之间的雇佣关系进行展开。该公司派遣Rossato先生到Glencore公司名下两处位于昆士兰州的矿山工作。Rossato先生作为临时员工 (casual employee)工作的三年半期间,签订的是滚动合同(rolling contract)。作为一名临时员工,他在工资的基础上还获得了25%的额外报酬 - 这是为了弥补临时员工未能享有类似年假等福利的通常做法。 澳大利亚联邦法院全席法庭驳回 WorkPac 认为Rossato先生是临时员工的主张,判定他属于正式员工(permanent employee)。联邦法院基于以下理据,做出上述判决:Rossato先生的工作性质是 “定期(regular)、稳定(certain)、连续(continuing)、持续性(constant)” ,而且有事先被告知工作日程。 Rossato先生有资格享受根据《2009年公平工作法》(Fair Work Act 2009 Cth)和企业协议(Enterprise Agreement)中全国就业标准(National Employment Standards - NES)所规定正式员工应享有的福利,其中包括带薪年假,个人病假/照顾者假,丧病假及法定公共假日等。 这一判决对于雇佣临时员工的雇主,无论是通过直接雇用、外包劳务、转包等不同的雇佣途径,都是不能忽视的重要判决。对于该判决,联邦政府可能会采取干预措施或向最高法院提出上诉,但是在判决发生改变之前,雇主现在应该仔细审查与临时员工之间的雇佣安排,更新与临时员工的合同条款。雇主应重新考量与劳务派遣公司以及派遣员工之间的关系,特别需要注意以下三点: 雇主应该进行阶段性审查与临时员工的雇佣安排,并考虑与临时雇佣相比,兼职或固定期限等其他形式的雇佣关系是否更加合适。  如果临时雇佣关系仍然适用,雇主应该注意合同中是否单独列明临时员工会获得额外报酬,由于临时员工不享受全国就业标准(NES)以及正式员工的应享福利。我们建议雇主与临时员工签署一份声明,表明如果之后被认定为正式雇佣关系,雇主有权要求员工退还之前所获得的额外报酬。  我们建议雇主至少每年定期审查临时雇佣合同。以评估该合同下的雇佣关系是否会被认定为工作日程稳定并且持续的雇佣关系。   如果您认为WorkPac Pty Ltd v Rossato的判决结果,会对您公司现有员工的工作安排有所影响,或者在处理与员工之间的雇佣关系上需要专业的法律意见,请与我们联络。  


工作场所与雇佣

Are You At Risk of Sham Contracting?

Online food delivery competitor Foodora has been accused of sham contracting its own employees and now faces legal action launched by Australia’s Fair Work Ombudsman. As business opportunities increase in Australia more employers turn to flexible and intuitive ways to cut costs and maximise profits, which can sometimes lead to cutting corners and the underpayment of employees. It is important for an employer to enter into valid employment contracts with its employees, as it will assist them in avoiding the risk of being accused of sham contracting.   What is Sham Contracting? Sham contracting is an illegal method of employment under section 357 of the Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth), where the employer misrepresents the employee as an independent contractor. Any employer that makes such misrepresentation of the employment relationship is liable for penalties under that Act. Penalties for sham contracting include sanctions made against the employer and financial penalties up to $54,000.00 for each contravention. Sham contracting is typically instituted by an employer for their own benefit as it allows an employer to avoid being responsible for an employee, or to avoid paying an employee their entitlements (such as superannuation, worker’s compensation and leave). More likely than not a sham contract is entered into by an employer either knowingly to avoid their employer obligations, or because of an employer’s recklessness in considering whether or not the individual was an employee. One recent example of potential sham contracting is by the online food delivery business, Foodora. Online food delivery businesses are expanding worldwide giving consumers a quick and efficient food experience. The concept of having all types of food delivered to you wherever you are is a great idea and will only keep developing but a non-traditional approach to staffing has left these types of businesses subject to legal action brought against them for sham contracting. If an employer is not careful they can be liable for serious penalties and so it is important that an employer abides by their employment obligations and responsibilities.   The Differences between an Employee and Independent Contractor? Before entering into any employment contract it is critical for both the employer and employee to understand the difference between an employee and an independent contractor. The main factor that differentiates between the two is the control that the individual has over their work responsibilities and obligations. The characteristics of an employee are: Any employee working for an employer receives at least minimum entitlements – paid leave, long service leave, worker’s compensation, superannuation. An employee is not responsible for paying for their own tax, an employer will deduct the income tax from an employee’s wage/salary. An employee typically only works for one business. An employee has no control over what type of work to be completed as it is controlled by the employer. An employee works according to standard or set hours.   The characteristics of an independent contractor are: A contractor is essentially their own employer. A contractor control how work is to be completed and how long the work will take to complete. Contractors are not restricted to one business but are able to work for multiple businesses/people. Contractors do not have set hours of work instead they agree on how many hours it takes to complete a job. Contractors have high responsibility and liability for their work or injury and need to have their own insurance cover. Contractors have high responsibility and liability for their work or injury and need to have their own insurance cover. Contractors are responsible for filing their own tax and GST. A contractor has an Australian Business Number (ABN) and submits invoices. Unlike employees, contractors receive no entitlements and pay for their own superannuation.    Actions to Take as an Employer to Minimise Risk As an employer, it would be prudent to review all existing contractual arrangements to ensure that you have not unknowingly misrepresented your employee as a contractor. It is important when hiring an employee that you confirm with them the details of the work and type of work that is required of them throughout their employment contract so that there is no confusion about the employment relationship. You will also need to be aware and up to date with any entitlements and payments that you owe to the employee.